Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation venture, launched in India in 1972 to protect Royal Bengal Tiger. The project aims at tiger conservation in specifically constituted tiger reserve which are representative of various region in all India. It strives to conserve a viable population of tiger in the natural environment.

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

An estimate of the tiger population placed the figure at 45,000 in India at the turn of 19th century. In 1972, it revealed the existence of only 1827 tigers after the first ever all-India tiger census. The project was launched in 1973 in Jim Corbett National Park, and 8 other tiger reserves were created in the country on a 'core-buffer' strategy. These nine tiger reserve were Manas (Assam), Palamau (Bihar), Similipal (Orissa), Corbett (U.P.), Kanha (M.P.), Melghat (Maharashtra), Bandipur (Karnataka), Ranthambhore (Rajasthan) and Sunderbans (West Bengal), established in different states of India which covered an area of about 13,017sq.km.The core areas of each tiger reserve were freed from all sorts of human activities and the buffer areas were meant to 'conservation oriented land use'. Based on the principles outlined, management plans were drawn up for each tiger reserve are :

1. Relegation of all forms of human tapping and biotic hindrance from the core area and systematization of activities in the buffer zone.
2. confining the habitat management only to fix the damages done to the eco-system by human and other hindrance, so as to facilitate retrieval of the eco-system to its natural state.
3. Monitoring the faunal and floral changes over time and carrying out research about wildlife. For the first time, information and communication technology is being used for : linking significant tiger reserves in the GIS Domain for developing management support system together with crime detection, spreading of information through web and growing a National Tiger Monitoring and Habitat Evaluation System with provincial protocols. A new decision on conservation of Asian Cats was floored by India in November 2002, during the 12thmeeting of the Conference of Parties to CITES.

Jim Corbett National Park is located in the foothills of Himalaya in the closest proximity of Ramnagar an small Town. Corbett National Park is the oldest national park of India, Situated in Nainital district of Uttarakhand State.

ALTITUDE : 385-1100M Above MSL.
RAINFALL : 1400mm-2800mm.
TEMPERATURE :4 degrees C to 42 degrees C.

Corbett Tiger Reserve today holds almost certainly the next major inhabitants of free living tigers in the globe. The reserve is therefore one of the last remaining strong holds, which holds a potentially feasible population of this royal and critically endangered species of cat family. Almost 600 Asian elephants also have a habitat in Corbett tiger reserve,and can be seen wondering restful along its length and breadth. Jim Corbett park, along with the Raja ji National Park also represents the North-western most limits of Tiger and Elephant sharing in the Indian subcontinent. Jim Corbett National Park is also habitat for nearly 600 species of resident and migratory birds. This remarkably affluent avifaunal diversity represents almost 6% of the total birds species in the world. This is more than the total bird diversity of Europe. The 49 species of diurnal raptors also found here are distinctive elements of this avifauna. The avifaunal variety is at its peak during rain in Jim Corbett National Park India

Identification: First and Oldest National Park in India .
Objective: First Tiger Conservation Project in India (long tradition of conservation).
Established in: 1936 (as national park).
Location: Spread in Nainital and Pauri District, Ramnagar Town, Uttarakhand, India .
Area: 1318.54 sq km .
Core Area: 520.82 sq km .
Buffer Area: 797.72 sq km .
Altitude: 385 m - 1100 m above MSL.
Longitude: 7805' E to 7905' E.
Latitude: 29025'E to 29040' N.
Annual Rainfall: 1400-2800 mm.
Temperature Range: 4°C in winter to 42°C during summer.
Climate: temperate, throughout the year.
Best Time: 15th November to 15th June.