AGRA TOURISM

CHINI-KA-RAUZA


Chini-ka-Rauza is considered a milestone in Indo-Persian architecture, as it is the very first building in India that has been exclusively decorated by the glazed tile works. The decoration is prominent on façade and exteriors. Chini-ka-Rauza is actually a small mausoleum that overlooks the River Yamuna. The tomb is a fine architectural example of pure and undiluted Persian architecture.

This is a tomb to Mir Afzal Khan, a senior Wazir or minister in the court of Shah Jahan. Afzal Khan was actually a resident of Shiraz in the then Persia who migrated to India on the invitation of Shah Jahan.

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He was actually a poet-scholar who later rose to the post of Wazir-e-Ala i.e. Prime Minister in the reign of Shah Jahan. The man himself constructed Chini-ka-Rauza. The name is derived from two Persian words Chini Mitti and Rauza that means glazed tiles and tomb respectively.

ARCHITECTURE
Chini ka Rauza Agra was a splendid tomb and it was a landmark in Indo-persian architecture. It was the first building in India which was decorated with glazed tiles work or tile. This building is made of colourful chini tiles. Chini ka Rauza is named after the material used to construct it by Muslims. It is made of brown stones in rectangle shape. The walls of building were adorned with different kinds of inscription in Islamic or Persian languages colourful tiles were used to make it more decorative four chambers in it are linked with hale and porches. The most important feature pf the building is its Afghan style. It is rounded tomb. This tomb is decorated with Islamic inceptions. These inscriptions were taken from Islamic text.

SQUARE PLAN
Originally, the monument had high walls surrounding it, two main gateways in North and South, two three-storeyed octagonal towers and a masonry ghat near the riverbank along with the main tomb building. However, only the ruins of the main tomb with a simple square plan and almost no architectural ornamentation have survived. Each side of this square tomb building is about 79 feet in length. The central chamber is octagonal in shape with eight arched recesses including four pentagonal arches and four square openings in all four directions. This central chamber is inter-connected to the four square chambers in the corners with the side halls or porches. The upper part of the tomb has been so constructed to give a double storeyed effect to the tomb building. The shallow dome crowning the building has inverted lotus and a kalash finial on its top and pinnacles on all the four corners.

HISTORY
Built in 1635, Chini ka Rauza tomb was dedicated to Allama Afzel Khal Mullah Shukrullah of Shiraz, the famous Persian poet-scholar who later became the Prime Minister of Shah Jahan. This serenely beautiful tomb got its name from the tiles or chini that were used to embellish its wall and ceilings.Agra can definitely be termed as the hub of historical tourism in India. Almost each and every nook and corner of this ancient city relates a tale of its own, sharing secrets which time had thought to be buried within the silent bricks of Agra. Of the many historical attractions of the city, one of the lesser-known ones is the Chini ka Rauza , the tomb of Allama Afzal Khan Mullah of Shiraz, Located at a distance of just around 1 Km from Itimad ud Daulah’s Tomb, Chini ka Rauza is the tomb of Allama Afzal Khan Mullah of Shiraz, a scholar and poet who was the Prime Minister of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. A notable feature amongst the many attractions that Agra offers, Chini ka Rauza is the only example of Persian architecture in the city.The structural design of the Chini ka Rauza is like the rest of the architectural masterpieces constructed by the Mughals a work of excellence. Built during the reign of Shah Jahan, at a time when the architectural prowess of the Mughals was at its peak, Chini ka Rauza is a must see for tourists to Agra.